Breed Standard- German Pinscher

Informative FB group - Breed standard and Mentoring group.

Description of the breed Standard for the German Pinscher. The breed standard is the guide which all German Pinscher breeders should know and understand to enable the correct type of German Pinscher to become the norm. It is what makes the German pinscher look like the German pinscher. any deviations from the standard allow the breed to change or become a weak version of the original dog.

A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance including the correct colour of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function. Absolute soundness is essential. 

Breeders and judges should at all times be careful to avoid obvious conditions or exaggerations which would be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed. From time to time certain conditions or exaggerations may be considered to have the potential to affect dogs in some breeds adversely, and judges and breeders are requested to refer to the Breed Watch section of the Kennel Club website here for details of any such current issues. 

If a feature or quality is desirable it should only be present in the right measure. However if a dog possesses a feature, characteristic or colour described as undesirable or highly undesirable it is strongly recommended that it should not be rewarded in the show ring.

General Appearance

Well balanced, smooth coated, medium size with elegant and flowing outlines but strong and well muscled.


Alert, good-natured, playful. Loyal, watchful and fearless.


High-spirited and self-possessed.

Head and Skull

Seen from above and side resembles a blunt wedge. Strong but not heavy, elongated without pronounced occiput. Overall length in proportion to back (from withers to base of tail) is approximately 1:2. Top of muzzle parallel with extended line of unwrinkled flat forehead; slight but distinct stop. Cheek muscles strong but not prominent. Deep muzzle. Nose full and black; in reds, nose of corresponding shade. Lips tight and dark. Snipiness undesirable.


Dark, of medium size, oval and directed forward. Eye rims tight.


Set high. V-shaped, folded down close to head.


Jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.


Elegant and strong. Neither short nor stout. Nape well arched. Skin of throat tight without dewlap.


Well laid shoulder with good but flat muscle. Forelegs straight viewed from all sides, parallel elbows are close to body.


Chest moderately wide with flat ribs. Brisket extends below elbow. Body Forechest extends beyond point of shoulder. Compact and short coupled. Length of body approximately equal to height at withers. Back short and slightly sloping. Slightly rounded croup.


Seen from behind parallel, with sufficient width. Upper thigh slanted and strongly muscled. Good length and bend of stifle, hocks turning neither in nor out.


Well arched, compact and cat-like with dark nails. Turning neither in nor out. Tough, hard pads.


Previously customarily docked.

Docked: Docked to three joints. Set and carried high.

Undocked: Set and carried high with an upward sweep. In overall balance with the rest of the dog.


Free, well balanced and vigorous with good reach in front and strong rotary driving action from rear. Front and hind legs should not be thrown outwards. Topline should remain strong and firm. Hackney movement undesirable.


Short and dense, smoothly fitting, glossy without bald spots.


All solid colours from fawn (Isabella) to stag red in various shades. Black and blue with reddish/tan markings. In bi-coloured dogs sharply marked red/tan markings desirable. Markings distributed as follows: at cheeks, lips, lower jaw, above eyes, at throat, at forechest as two triangles separated from each other, at metatarsus, forelegs, feet, inner side of hindlegs and vent region.


Height at withers 43-48 cms (17-19 ins).


Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.


Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

*Note for prospective puppy buyers

Size – the Kennel Club Breed Standard is a guide and description of the ideal for the breed; the Size as described does not imply that a dog will match the measurements given (height or weight). A dog might be larger or smaller than the Size measurements stated in the Breed Standard.

FCI Breed Standard

I like to keep this breed standard in mind particularly considering it has far more detail and is th eoriginal standard.

FCI Standard N ° 184 / 18.04.2007

PINSCHER - GERMAN PINSCHER (called Middle Pinscher) 

ORIGIN: Germany


USE : Guard and companion dog

FCI CLASSIFICATION .: Group 2 Pinscher and Schnauzer type dogs

Molossoid Mountain Dogs - i

Swiss Cattle Dogs and other breeds

Section1 Pinscher and Schnauzer type dogs

Without proof of work


The short-haired Pinscher is a very ancient breed, already mentioned in 1880 in the German Origins Book.

It has the same ancestors as the Schnauzer which in ancient times bore the name of wirehaired Pinscher. From the beginning, the short-haired Pinschers, mostly black with light brown spots, single-colored in shades from brown to red, pepper and salt, or simply gray-blue up to black, differed from those with coarse hair precisely for the short hair and the color of the coat.


The German Pinscher (also called German Pinscher or Medium Pinscher) is a short-haired dog, of medium size, inscribed in a square. He has a proud bearing, is strong like the Schnauzer, elegant, and has a harmonious silhouette. The well developed musculature is clearly visible, due to its short hair, especially in movement.



  • Considering the length / height ratio, its construction must be inscribed as much as possible in a square

  • The length of the head (measured from the tip of the nose to the occiput) corresponds to half the length of the topline (considered from the withers to the set of the tail).



His lively, witty, self-confident, balanced nature, combined with intelligence and stamina, makes him a pleasant companion as both a companion and guard dog.



Region of the skull

Skull: Strong, elongated, without a markedly protruding occiput. There

forehead is flat and parallel to the nasal bridge.

Light but defined stop


Muzzle region

Nose: Well developed and always black

Muzzle ends as a blunt cone. Straight nasal bridge

Lips black, smooth and adherent flat to the jaws; lip commissure closed

Jaws / Teeth Powerful upper and lower jaws: the scissor bite is complete (with 42 teeth, according to the dog's dental formula), and strong; the teeth fit properly and are pure white. The masseters are strongly developed, without however giving an unpleasant relief to the cheeks.

Eyes dark, oval in shape; the edges of the eyelids are pigmented with black and are closely adherent to the eyeball

Ears folded and hanging, set high, V-shaped, pointing forward towards the temples, and their inner edges adhere closely to the cheeks; the parallel folds must not exceed the top of the skull.


Nobly arched, not too short, it fits smoothly into the withers; dry, without dewlap or slack skin; the skin of the throat is tightly adherent without forming any folds.


Topline slightly descending from the withers towards the rear

Withers is the highest point of the topline

Strong, short and taut back

Loins: Short, strong and high. The distance between the last rib and the hip is short, so that the dog is compact

Croup merges imperceptibly with the insertion of the tail in a slight curve.

Chest moderately broad, of oval section, reaching the elbow. The chest is distinctly marked by the tip of the sternum.

Lower line and belly The hips are not too raised: With the lower part of the ribcage, the lower line draws an elegant curve.

Natural; the goal to be achieved is a saber or sickle tail


In general, seen from the front, the limbs are strong, straight and not close together; viewed from the side, the forearms are straight

Shoulders The scapula is very close to the thoracic cavity and is very muscular on both sides of the scapular spine, and protrudes from the spinous processes of the thoracic vertebrae. As oblique as possible and well turned towards the back, it forms an angle of about 50 ° to the horizontal.

Upper arm: Close to the body, strong and well muscled, forming an angle of 95 to 105 ° with the shoulder blade.

Elbow: Properly fitting, turning neither in nor out.

Forearm: Strongly developed and well muscled. Completely straight when viewed from the front and from the side.

Carpus strong and firm.

Pastern: Strong and slightly elastic. Viewed from the front vertical, viewed from the side, slightly inclined to the ground.

Strong and round front foot. The toes are close together and arched (cat's foot); pads resistant, nails short, black and strong.



Generally oblique when viewed from the side, parallel but not too close when viewed from behind.

Thigh: Moderately long, broad, strongly muscled

Knees turning neither in nor out.

Leg long and strong, with good tendons, fitting into a solid hock

Hock markedly angled, strong, firm, neither turned in nor out

Metatarsus perpendicular to the ground

Rear foot a little longer than the front. Fingers well together and arched. Short black nails


The Pinscher is a trotter. His back remains firm and quite firm in the movement, which is harmonious, confident, powerful and loose with good reach. Typical of the trot is the elastic, flowing movement that covers a lot of ground, with strong thrust of the hindquarters and free extension of the forequarters.


On the whole body it is tightly adherent to the underlying tissues


Short, thick, smooth, dense and shiny coat with no hairless areas


  • Single color: deer red, reddish brown to dark red brown.

  • Black and Tan: Lacquer black with red or brown markings. The markings are sought as dark, intense and clearly defined as possible.

The markings are distributed as follows: above the eyes, in the throat, in the metacarpals, on the feet, inside the hind limbs, under the root of the tail, and in the form of two regular triangles, clearly separated, on the chest.


Height at the withers Males and Females: from 45 to 50 cm

Male and female weight: from 14 to 20 kg


Any deviation from the above must be considered as a defect that will be penalized according to its severity and in particular:

  • Generally heavy or light construction. Subject low or high on the limbs

  • Heavy or round skull

  • Forehead wrinkles

  • Muzzle short, pointed or narrow

  • Pincer bite

  • Eyes light, too small or too large.

  • Ears set low, very long or not carried symmetrically

  • Strongly protruding cheekbones

  • Relaxed skin in the throat

  • Back too long, arched or saggy

  • Kyphotic back

  • Croup falling down

  • Feet lengthened

  • Amble

  • Stepping movement, with limbs raised too high

  • Sparse hair

  • Black parting on the back, dark saddle and lightened or pale coat

  • Size smaller or larger than 1cm. to the norms of the Standard


  • Lack of sexual typicality (example: masculine female)

  • General appearance frail

  • Apple head

  • Lack of parallelism to the craniofacial lines

  • Elbows turned out

  • Hindquarters straight or barrel

  • Hocks turned in

  • Lower or upper size by more than 1 cm. and less than 3 cm. to the norms of the Standard


  • Behavior fearful, aggressive, bad, overly suspicious, nervous

  • Malformation of any kind

  • Sexual characteristics definitely the opposite

  • Defects at the closure of the mouth, such as overshot, undershot or deviation of the arches of the incisors

  • Serious defects affecting the structure, coat or color

  • Size inferior or superior of more than 3 cm .. to the norms of the Standard

Any dog that clearly presents physical or behavioral anomalies will be disqualified.

NB Males must have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum


For more details go to the Schnauzer and Pinscher Club website .